Tuesday, 27 September 2022 00:00

Causes of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

The tarsal tunnel is a structure within the foot that runs along the ankle bones and protects the posterior tibial nerve. When this nerve becomes squeezed and exposed to pressure, a condition known as tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) can develop where the nerve is compressed within a small space. Activities that can cause the tibial nerve to become compressed include spraining one’s ankle because such an injury can sometimes produce swelling around the nerve. Certain types of diseases, like diabetes, can sometimes cause TTS because diabetics can experience swelling of the feet, which may put pressure on the tibial nerve. Additionally, the presence of abnormally sized structures within the tarsal tunnel can also cause TTS. For example, large veins, cysts, bone spurs, or swollen tendons can put pressure on the tibial nerve. If you believe that you have TTS, contact a podiatrist today to schedule an appointment.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of Lakeside Foot and Ankle Center. Our practitioners can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Leesburg and The Villages, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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